20 Exchange Place Building

20 Exchange Place Building
  1. About the 20 Exchange Place Building in New York
    1. Building Catalogations
  2. 20 Exchange Place Building's architect and team
  3. 20 Exchange Place Building's architectureal style
  4. 20 Exchange Place Building's spaces and uses
  5. Structure and materials of the 20 Exchange Place Building

The 20 Exchange Place Building is an Art-deco skyscraper designed by Cross & Cross and built between 1930 and 1931 in New York, NY.

20 Exchange Place Building is not the only name you might know this building by though. The building is, or has also been known as City Bank-Farmers Trust Building.

Its precise street address is 20 Exchange Place, New York, NY. You can also find it on the map here.

The 20 Exchange Place Building is a structure of significant importance both for the city of New York and the United States as a nation. The building embodies the distinctive characteristic features of the time in which it was built and the Art Deco style. Because of that, the 20 Exchange Place Building was officially declared as a national landmark on June 25th 1996.

At the time of its completion in 1931 the 20 Exchange Place Building incorporated solutions that were quite advanced at the time, these included a telephone exchange, the largest pneumatic tube system in the world, and a deposit in the basement that pumped soap to all bathrooms.

Building's timeline

Construction begins
1930
94
Construction completed
1931
93
Declared NL
1996
28
years ago
2024

Architect and team

Cross & Cross was the architecture firm in charge of the architectural design.

Cross & Cross was in charge of the architectural design, however, architecture is a complex discipline, which usually involves many professionals from different fields, without whom this building would have not been possible. We will surely be leaving out a lot of names here, but at the very least we know that there was one other part involved, that was George A. Fuller Company as the Main Contractor.

Architectural Style

The 20 Exchange Place Building can be categorized as an Art-deco building.

The Art Deco movement flourished during the 1920s and 1930s, with many historians marking the outbreak of World War II as its final decline. Even though a couple of decades might not seem as much, the Art Deco movement had a great impact on architecture, and it's widely represented in many American cities due to the development boom that happened during that time.

Art Deco marked the abandonment of traditional historicism and the embracement of modern living and the age of the machine. In architecture, that meant leaving behind the ornaments of Beux-Arts and Neo-Gothic buildings and instead favoring simplicity and visual impact through geometric shapes, clean lines, and symmetrical designs. Ornaments were still an important part of the design, but they became bold and lavish, and were often inspired by ancient cultures or industrial imagery, instead of nature.

The 20 Exchange Place Building was completed in 1931, right when the Art Deco movement was at its peak, so it kind of went with the trend at that time.

Spaces & Uses

The 20 Exchange Place Building reaches an architectural height of 774ft (236m). It has a total of 61 floors, 57 above ground and 4 basements, served by 27 elevators, which combined offer a total of 730,234 sqf (67,841m2) of usable space.

When it opened its doors to the public in 1931, the 20 Exchange Place Building was primarily used as Commercial space. That however, is no longer the case, and today it mainly provides Residential space.

About the residences

The 20 Exchange Place Building has a total of 762 residential units throughout its 57 floors. If you are interested in learning more about the residences and their availability, you can check the 20 Exchange Place Building's website.

774ft (236m)
4 basements

Materials & Structure

The 20 Exchange Place Building uses a frame structure made of steel columns and concrete slabs.

A frame structure uses a combination of beams and columns to sustain the building's weight. The walls in this case are non-load bearing, which allows for more flexibility when distributing the interior spaces.

The facade is non-load bearing either, as it is common in frame structure type buildings.

From an aesthetic point of view, the facade features Mohegan Granite and Alabama Rockwood Limestone as the two main materials that give the building its light-colored image.

Sources

  • s-media.nyc.gov