450 Sutter Street Building

450 Sutter Street Building
  1. About the 450 Sutter Street Building in San Francisco
    1. Building Catalogations
  2. 450 Sutter Street Building's architect and team
  3. 450 Sutter Street Building's architectureal style
  4. 450 Sutter Street Building's spaces and uses
  5. Structure and materials of the 450 Sutter Street Building

The 450 Sutter Street Building is an Art-deco skyscraper designed by Miller and Pflueger and built between 1928 and 1929 in San Francisco, CA.

450 Sutter Street Building is not the only name you might know this building by though. It is common for companies to want to attach their names to iconic buildings when they move in, or for the general public to come up with nicknames, and this one is no exception. The 450 Sutter Street Building is also known, or has been known as, Four Fifty Sutter Building, or Medical-Dental Office Building.

Its precise street address is 450 Sutter Street, San Francisco, CA. You can also find it on the map here.

The 450 Sutter Street Building is a structure of significant importance both for the city of San Francisco and the United States as a nation. The building embodies the distinctive characteristic features of the time in which it was built and the Art Deco style. Because of that, the 450 Sutter Street Building was officially included in the National Register of Historic Places on December 22nd 2012.

The building underwent a major restoration between 2007 and 2010.

Building's timeline

Construction begins
1928
96
Construction completed
1929
95
a
Restoration
2010
14
Added to the NRHP
2012
12
years ago
2024
  1. 2007 to 2010 - Exterior renovation.

Architect and team

Miller and Pflueger was the architecture firm in charge of the architectural design.

Miller and Pflueger was in charge of the architectural design, however, architecture is a complex discipline, which usually involves many professionals from different fields, without whom this building would have not been possible. We will surely be leaving out a lot of names here, but here is a list of the people we do know also played their part in making the 450 Sutter Street Building a reality:

  • Lindgren & Swinerton as the Main Contractor
  • Francis E. Morgan, Jr. as the Main Developer

Architectural Style

The 450 Sutter Street Building can be categorized as an Art-deco building.

The Art Deco movement flourished during the 1920s and 1930s, with many historians marking the outbreak of World War II as its final decline. Even though a couple of decades might not seem as much, the Art Deco movement had a great impact on architecture, and it's widely represented in many American cities due to the development boom that happened during that time.

Art Deco marked the abandonment of traditional historicism and the embracement of modern living and the age of the machine. In architecture, that meant leaving behind the ornaments of Beux-Arts and Neo-Gothic buildings and instead favoring simplicity and visual impact through geometric shapes, clean lines, and symmetrical designs. Ornaments were still an important part of the design, but they became bold and lavish, and were often inspired by ancient cultures or industrial imagery, instead of nature.

The 450 Sutter Street Building was completed in 1929, right when the Art Deco movement was at its peak, so it kind of went with the trend at that time.

Spaces & Uses

The 450 Sutter Street Building reaches an architectural height of 344ft (105m). It has a total of 26 floors, served by 8 elevators.

The building sits on a 23,681 sqf (2,200m2) piece of land , and offers a total of 268,592 sqf (24,953m2) of usable space.

Ever since opening its doors to the public in 1929, the 450 Sutter Street Building has mainly been used as Medical space.

344ft (105m)

Materials & Structure

The 450 Sutter Street Building uses a frame structure made of steel columns and concrete slabs.

A frame structure uses a combination of beams and columns to sustain the building's weight. The walls in this case are non-load bearing, which allows for more flexibility when distributing the interior spaces.

The facade is non-load bearing either, as it is common in frame structure type buildings.

From an aesthetic point of view, the facade features mayan-decorated terracotta pieces with a vertically faceted pattern accentuating the verticality of the building, as well as cast metal frames of the windows .

Other materials found at the 450 Sutter Street Building include, mottled brown marble, found in the lobby, and plaster, usef to create a simple rectilinear cornice around the ceilings.

Sources

  • www.parks.ca.gov